The Provision for Akhirah


“…as compared with the life of the hereafter, the life of this world is nothing but a brief passing enjoyment” (Quran, Ar-Rad: 26)

I. Intent Purification

2 – 15


1. Basis of acceptance of deeds



2. Basis of reward in akhirah



3. The End of A'lim [Islamic scholar] who is lost in this world



4. Learning the Deen for earning the world



5. The knowledge of the Qur'an and the purity of intention



6. The worst abode of pretenders



7. Disrespect of Allah



8. Importance of sincerity of intention



9. Pretension of Shirk [making partners with Allah]



10. Who deserves the help of Allah?



11. Reward of seeking Akhirah



12. The purity of intention and the reward of Akhirah



13. Purity of intention and reward of Allah



14. Invaluable fruits of sincerity


 II. Imaniyat [The Believers]

16 – 19


15. Iman, Islam, Ehsan and signs of doomsday



16. Kalimah Tayyeba and sincerity of heart



17. Blessings of good deeds



18. State of Iman


III. Following the Book of Allah and the Traditions of Prophet Rasullah (s.a.)

20 – 24


19. Emphasis on fulfillment of Obligations



20. Deep involvement with the Qur'an



21. The Testament of Rasullah (s.a.)



22. Significance of the revival of Sunnah



23. Extraordinary reward for following Sunnah


 IV. Ibadat

25 – 60


24. Miswak [tooth brush] and the pleasure of Allah



25. Wadhu - Recognition of Muslim



26. Azan - protection from punishment



27. Azan - the commitment of pardon and Paradise



28. The first question on the Day of Judgement



29. Time to extinguish inferno of sin



30. The beloveds of Allah



31. Attachment with Masjid, the proof of Iman



32. Steps towards Salah in congregation



33. Salatul Fajr and Isha in the sight of Sahabah



34. Matters to think for Iman



35. Preference for offering non-obligatory prayers in house



36. Stealing in prayer



37. Disintegration of Islamic order



38. Significance of Zakah in Deen



39. Zakah - the right of Allah



40. Fasting in Ramadan and Taraviah



41. Emphasis on sehri [i.e. eating before dawn breaks]



42. Fasting - the zakah of the body



43. Fasting is a shield



44. Prayers for breaking fast and its great reward



45. Etiquette of Fasting



46. Fasting while travelling



47. Topic same



48. Significance of Ramadan fasting



49. Tragic end of those who disregard fasting [intentionally]



50. Eid - the day of reward



51. Haste in performing obligatory Hajj



52. Consequence of neglecting Hajj



53. The pilgrims of Haram in the sight of Allah



54. Women's Jihad - Hajj and Umrah



55. The true Hajj



56. Allah's especial bounties for the people of Arafat



57. Sacrifices and Sincerity



58. Who is unfortunate?



59. Balance in Ebadah


 V. Social Obligations

61 – 84


60. The rights of parents



61. Paradise under the foot of the mother



62. Compensation for praying and seeking Maghfirah for  parents after death



63. Nicely dealing with parents after death



64. Treating nicely with maternal aunt



65. Respectability to teacher



66. The rights of the husband



67. The right of wife



68. Right of children



69. Tarbiyah (training) of family & children



70. Right of poor Muslim



71. Meeting the wants of needy Muslims



72. Reward for helping the needy



73. Drawing attention to good deeds



74. Kindness with servants



75. To burden to capacity



76. Reward for being nice to servants



77. Kindness to animals



78. Prohibition of target shooting on the animals



79. Incident of a camel



80. Sharpening knife before putting down goat [for slaughtering]



81. Don't kill an animal before another one



82. Subject same



83. Prohibitation of mutilation [of body]


VI. Mua'mlat

85 – 100


84. Rightful means of earnings



85. The earning of a laborer



86. Earnings with hard labor



87. Trade



88. Concept of correct meaning of earning



89. The correct concept about wealth



90. Persuasion to give loan



91. Under the same heading



92. The reward of giving relief to debtor



93. Subject same



94. Accepting interest



95. The tragic end of the usurer



96. Subject same



97. Depriving [someone] from inheritance is a sin



98. Significance of people's rights



99. Subject same


VII. Morality: Good Virtues & Bad Behaviour

101 – 116


100. Tawakkal - Trust in Allah



101. Patience



102. Perseverance



103. Protection of secrets



104. Decent behaviour



105. Etiquette of Assemblies



106. Subject same



107. Subject same



108. Dress



109. Greed and Miserliness



110. Prohibition from Resemblance



111. Subject same



112. Subject same



113. Immorality



114. Subject same



115. Nurturing the evil thoughts


VIII. Comprehensive Ahadith

117 – 181


116. Entitlement for double reward



117. Islam, Hijrah and Hajj



118. Trust, Wadhu and Salah



119. Steadfast, Wadhu and Salah



120. Ten Deeds



121. Iman, Islam, Hijrah, Jihad



122. Six things that may lead to paradise



123. Salah, Sawm, Sadaqah



124. Six deeds - the surety of paradise



125. Salah and Jihad



126. Ten Commandments



127. The Companionship and closeness with Rasulullah (s.a.)



128. Three improper works



129. The worthless and the missed of greatest Magnitude



130. Abandoning of sign, taking care of obligations, abundance of Zikr



131. Zakah, compassion for blood relation, right of poor and Neighbour



132. Protection of Salah and tongue



133. Jihad, Fasting, Travelling for earning Provision



134. Regulars in Salah, Saum and Zakah



135. Three persons will be deprived of Allah's Blessings



136. Who will be deprived of the fragrance of Paradise?



137. Who will get the companionship of Rasulullah (s.a.)



138. Worthy and unworthy of Jannah [paradise]



139. Seven big sins



140. With whom Rasulullah (s.a.) is displeases?



141. Worldly gains of three good deeds



142. People of high cadre



143. Worldly gains of modesty and behaving nicely with parents



144. Sure help from Allah for three persons



145. Different forms of Sadaqah



146. Three Testaments



147. Five things



148. Deeds that leads to Heaven



149. Signs of beloved servants, usurping the rights of neighbours, the end of ill-gotten gains



150. The wider cannotation of Sadaqah



151. Subject same



152. Subject same



153. Freedom of slaves, nice treatment with Orphans



154. Whose sadaqah will not be accepted?



155. Eleven Commandments



156. What advice Rasulullah (s.a.) gave to Ummah just five days before he (s.a.) passed away



157. Rights of neighbour



158. When the iman is perfect



159. Scriptures of Abraham and Moses & ten Commandments of Rasulullah (s.a.)



160. Who is to be envied?



161. Who invites the wrath of Allah?



162. Who will be held in the tank of Serum



163. Four Commandments



164. Oppression, greed and miserliness



165. Five evil deeds



166. What shortcomings will develop in Muslim Ummah before  the commencement of Qayamah?



167. Two things will be troublesome



168. Who will cry on the Day of Judgement?



169.Three beloved servants of Allah



170. Jealousy, animosity, Mutual love and Salam



171. Have the company of Mumin and don't invite evildoers at  food



172. Punishment of fornication in Akhirah, accusation and  backbiting



173. Three Satanic works



174. The beloved followers of Rasulullah (s.a.)



175. Four Testaments of Rasulullah (s.a.)



176. Four Blessings



177. Three calamities



178. Avoid suspicion, be truthful and don't go near lying



179. The three blessings



180. Nine Commandments


IX. Islami Dawah and its Relevant Topics

182 – 200


181. The concept of Islam



182. The scope of kalimah Tayyeba



183. Islamic Dawah [calling the people to fold of Allah] is the  blessings of both the worlds



184. Introducing Islam



185. People in power do not like Islamic Dawah



186. Slavery of humans or obedience to Allah



187. The Divine system of peace and security



188. Building organisation or formation of Jamaah



189. Collective gatherings and collective works



190. The blessings of a collective life within a Jamaah



191. Obligations of the Amir



192. The obligations of the followers



193. Methodology of Dawah



194. The devasted speaker



195. Pardon, the weapon of Da'ee



196. Da'ee and Sabr [patience]



197. Use of modern means and resources for Dawah



198. Confirmity between Dawah and deed



199. What the rightful should do when the evil is dominant?


 X. Struggle for Iqamatuddeen

201 – 207


200. What love for Haqq demands?



201. I don't belong to them nor they to us



202. Yearning for Shahadah



203. Different forms of Martyrdom



204. Death in defense is Sahadah



205. The consequence of neglecting Dawah Ilalah



206. The consequence of discarding the struggle for Allah's  Deen


XI. Means to Sustain Da'ees Ilallah

208 – 305


207. Tahajjud



208. Subject same



209. Subject same



210. Subject same



211. Inducement for Tahajjud



212. Vigilance for Nawafil [non-obligatory prayers]



213. Subject same



214. Emphasis on Nawafil and Tahajjud and abstinence from  exaggeration



215. Infaq [spending in the way of Allah]



216. Subject same



217. Subject same



218. Subject same



219. Sadaqah, the means of blessings



220. Subject same



221. Sadaqah, the shade on the Day of Judgement



222. Sadaqah, the shield against Hellfire



223. Double reward for giving Sadaqah to Relatives



224. The Best Sadaqah



225. Sadaqah of distressed



226. Continuous Sadaqah



227. Subject same



228. Etiquettes of Sadaqah



229. In the treasure of Allah



230. Subject same



231. Recitation of the Qur'an



232. Subject same



233. The etiquettes of recitation



234. Repentance and seeking pardon



235. Istighfar [seeking pardon] cleans heart



236. Abstinence from committing small sins



237. Repentance, a means to erase sins



238. Truthful repentance



239. Don't treat the sins lightly



240. The dimensions of allah's mercy



241. Zikr and Du'a



242. Subject same



243. The dialogue about Za'kreen [who remember Allah and  His Angels]



244. The Za'kir [One who remembers his Lord] in the sight of Allah



245. Ettiquettes of supplication



246. One who supplicates gets any of the three Rewards



247. Allah feels shy to return hands empty



248. Comprehensive supplication



249. Same subject



250. Same subject



251. Same subject



252. Same subject



253. Same subject



254. Same subject



255. Same subject



256. Same subject



257. Same subject



258. Same subject



259. Same subject



260. Same subject



261. Same subject



262. The supplication of Abdullah b Maswood (r)



263. Hating worldliness and concern for Akhirah



264. Remembrance of Akhirah



265. Disenchantment from world



266. The faithful companions



267. Subject same



268. The concept of abstinence



269. Mumin and audience with Allah



270. Emphasis to desire for Jannah



271. First destination of Akhirah: The grave



272. Grave and the good deeds



273. When the Qayamah will occur



274. Accountability on the Day of Judgement



275. Impartial Justice



276. Witness of the earth



277. Subject same



278. Subject same



279. Consequences about unmindful-ness about concern for Akhirah



280. Perfect Justice



281. Backbiting washes away the good deeds



282. Intercession



283. Subject same



284. Subject same



285. Hell and the people of Hellfire



286. Subject same



287. Subject same



288. Subject same



289. Witness of body parts against man



290. Subject same



291. Subject same



292. Subject same



293. Subject same



294. Jannah and the people of Jannah



295. Subject same



296. Subject same



297. Subject same



298. Subject same



299. Subject same



300. Subject same



301. Subject same



302. Subject same



303. Subject same



304. Subject same


XII. Model of Rasulullah (s.a.)

306 – 360


305. Al-salah



306. Humility



307. Salah in congregation



308. Subject same



309. Preparation for the obligatory Salah [Fard Salah]



310. Tahajjud



311. Subject same



312. Good conduct



313. Subject same



314. Subject same



315. Subject same



316. Subject same



317. Love for children



318. Kidding with children



319. Kissing the children



320. Good natured



321. Prophet (s.a.) in his house



322. Subject same



323. Subject same



324. Subject same



325. Subject same



326. Equality among the rights of wives



327. Tarbiyah [training] of the wife



328. Extreme generosity



329. Encouragement for intercession



330. Smile of Prophet (s.a.)



331. Methodology of Tarbiyah [Training]



332. Subject same



333. Etiquettes of eating food



334. Subject same



335. Civility and Humbleness



336. Subject same



337. Visiting the sick



338. The Etiquettes of enquiring about health



339. Subject same



340. The Prophet (s.a.) while in journey



341. Prophet (s.a.) in the midst of his companions



342. Subject same



343. In the front at the time of anger



344. Pinpointing of shortcomings for Tarbiyah



345. Correct relationship with companions



346. Subject same



347. Clarity in the affairs



348. Subject same



349. Subject same



350. The importance of human rights



351. The economic life of Da'ee



352. Subject same



353. Subject same



354. Subject same



355. Subject same



356. Subject same



357. Subject same



358. Subject same



359. Subject same


XIII. Model of Prophet's Companions

361 – 410


360. Make the Sahabah your Model



361. Do everything for the pleasure of Allah



362. Satanic attack on Iman



363. Passing of evil thoughts in the heart



364. Directives from Allah are easy



365. What is hypocrisy?



366. Subject same



367. Modesty in the matters of Haqq



368. The living condition of Sahabah



369. Following the Prophet (s.a.)



370. Subject same



371. Subject same



372. Subject same



373. Salam to children



374. Following of Rasulullah (s.a.)



375. Subject same



376. Subject same



377. Subject same



378. Subject same



379. Service to fellow travellers



380. Good treatment with prisoners



381. Obedience to Rasulullah (s.a.)



382. Subject same



383. Subject same



384. Invitation to revive Iman



385. The greatness of Deeni Ijtimaat [religious gatherings]



386. Tableegh and the zeal for acquiring Knowledge



387. No trust on the liars



388. Subject same



389. Protection of tongue



390. Subject same



391. Salam



392. Pardon and forgiveness



393. Subject same



394. Education of Forgiveness



395. Patience



396. Etiquettes of meeting



397. Fulfillment of commitment



398. Simplicity



399. Kindness to animals



400. Hospitality



401. Collective affairs



402. Eating collectively



403. Subject same



404. Organizational discipline



405. Infaq [spending in the way of Allah]



406. Subject same



407. Subject same



408. Subject same



409. Subject same


XIV. Social Contacts and Public Affairs

411 – 430


410. Nicely behaviour with parent's friends



411. Subject same



412. Courteous and nice to slaves



413. Care about orphans



414. Sacrifice



415. Rightful means of living



416. The best dealings



417. Ease with debtor in distress



418. In the way of Iqamatudden [Establishing the Deen]



419. Subject same



420. Subject same



421. Subject same



422. Subject same



423. The first reward for sacrifices towards Iqamatuddeen



424. Da'ees life and hardship



425. Subject same



426. Subject same



427. Subject same



428. Subject same



429. Subject same


XV. Concern for Akhirah & Love for Jannah

431 – 451


430. Concern for punishment of the grave



431. Subject same



432. Subject same



433. Subject same



434. Subject same



435. Subject same



436. Subject same



437. Subject same



438. Subject same



439. In the way of Deen



440. Subject same



441. Longing for Jannah [paradise]



442. Emphasis over fasting



443. Martyrdom and the longing for Jannah



444. Subject same



445.Subject same



446. Subject same



447. Subject same



448. Subject same



449. Longing for Jannah



450. Subject same





The Provision for Akhirah (Zad-e-Rah)



1. Basis of the acceptance of deeds

Translation: Narrated by Abu Hurairah (r.a.): Rasulullah (s.a.) said,” On the Day of Judgment, humans will be raised [treated or examined] in accordance to their intention (for good deeds)”  [Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Ibne Ma’ja]

Explanatory Note: On the Day of Judgment, Allah will not consider outward appearance of humans; rather their intentions would be taken into consideration for all good deeds. Allah knows what was the inclination of their hearts. Their deeds will be accepted or rejected accordingly


2. Basis of reward in Akhirah

Translation: Narrated by Abdullah Ibne Omar (r.a.): He asked from Rasulullah (s.a.), O Prophet of Allah! “Tell me about Jihad and Ghazwah?” [i.e. what kind of Jihad is rewarded and under what conditions, the Mujahid is deprived of it]
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, O Abdullah, “If you had fought with the intention to get reward in Akhirah and remained steadfast till the end, you will then get the reward of your performance and will be enlisted with those who are steadfast. But if you had fought out of arrogance or for show off, Allah will raise you on the Day of Judgment on the same condition”.
O Abdullah! With what intentions you fought and under what state you were killed, under the same conditions you will be resurrected”.
[From Abu Dawood]


3. The end of A’lim [Islamic scholar] who is lost in this world

Translation: It is narrated by Ibne Abbas (r.a.) that Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “The person whom Allah graced with the knowledge of His Deen but he showed miserliness in teaching it to others and even if he teaches to others, he collects remuneration for it and builds his own world. Such persons will have bridle of fire on the Day of Judgment and an angel will declare pinpointed to him that he is the person whom Allah favored with the knowledge of Deen but he showed miserliness in teaching it to others and collected money even to whom he taught and thereby built his own world. This angel will constantly go on making this declaration till the end of accountability on the Day of Judgment”. [What a disgraceful situation it would be!]
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb]


4. Learning the Deen for earning the world

Translation: It is narrated by Abdullah Ibne Maswood (r.a.) that Rasulullah (s.a.), addressing the people, said, “What will happen when you will be involved in sedition, your youngsters will be grown up and your elders will reach the fag end of their old age and the sedition will be taken as tradition and if anyone gets up to fight against the sedition [innovations], people will allege that this man is not doing good”.

Someone then asked Rasulullah (s.a.), “When such crisis will fall upon the Ummah?” Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “When the number of honest and trusted people will be on decline and the number of power seekers will be rampant. The true learned scholar of Deen will be on decrease and the number of the learners of Deen will be on increase. Deen will be studied for earning the worldly gains. People will do good deeds but for the sake of material benefits”.
[Al-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb]

Explanatory Notes: “Sedition” here stands for that state of decline and decadence that persists generations after generation to the extent that the decline in Deen is considered as the right way and those who will try to correct the situation will be nicknamed disdainfully. People will say that those who have started the movement for improvement are incorrect and their entire struggle is anti-Islamic. This condition will prevail at the time when the number of people learning the Deen will abound but their intention will not be clean. These will be the professional scholars of Deen, apparently striving for their Akhirah but, in fact, the inherent objective will be to earn the worldly benefits. Greed of the material gains and getting into political power will be the dominant features of this age.


5. The knowledge of the Qur’an and the purity of intention

Translation: Imran Ibne Hussain (r.a.) narrates that he passed through a person who was reciting the Qur’an [for reminding others]. When he finished, he appealed to the people for monitory help.
Seeing this scenario, Imran Ibne Hussain (r.a.) said, “I have heard Rasulullah (s.a.) saying: One who recites the Qur’an should beg from Allah alone. There will be some individuals in my Ummah who will recite the Qur’an for begging from the people”.
[From Tirmizi]


6. The worst abode of pretenders

Translation: It is narrated by Abdullah Ibne Abbas (r.a.) that Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “In the Hellfire, there is a valley from which the Hell itself seeks refuge four hundred times every day. This valley has been prepared for the pretenders of the Ummah of Rasulullah (s.a.), for the bearers of the Book of Allah, for the one who spends in the way other than Allah, for the one who performs Hajj and for the one who goes out for Jihad [struggle] in the way of Allah”.
[If these acts are performed hypocritically for the sake of pretension, they are doomed and their abode will be the valley in the hellfire: Translator]
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Ibne Ma’ja – Ch. Al-Riya]


7. Disrespect of Allah

Translation: It is narrated by Abdullah Ibne Maswood (r.a.) that Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “The person who performs Salah articulately while he is in public [with all precautions and fear and correctly performs Ruku and Sajud] and when he is alone, he offers his prayers with recklessness, such person is disrespectful to his Sustainer and makes a fun of Him”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb]


8. Importance of sincerity of intention

Translation: It is narrated by Abu Umamah (r.a.) that a person came to Rasulullah (s.a.) and inquired that a man participates in Jihad for reward and for recognition in this world, will he get the reward?
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “He will get nothing”. That person repeated his question three times and each time he (s.a.) gave the same answer, “He will get nothing”.
At the end Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Allah (SWT) will accept only that Amal [action/deed] which is performed for Him and only to seek His pleasure”.
[From Abu Dawood & Nisa’i]


9. Pretension is Shirk [making partners with Allah

Translation: Omar Ibne Khatt'ab (r.a.) narrates that one-day he went to Masjid-e-Nabavi [the Masjid of Rasulullah (s.a.)] and found that Maa’z Ibne Jabal (r.a.) was sitting by the grave of Rasulullah (s.a.) and crying. He inquired, “What makes you to cry?”
Maa’z (r.a.) replied that he heard one thing from Rasulullah
(s.a.) that had caused me to cry: He (s.a.) told, “Even the slightest pretence tantamount to Shirk [making partners with Allah]”.
[From Mishkat]

Explanatory Note: Only this is not the Shirk that a man bows down before an idol and puts sacrifice on its altar. But the greatest Amal [action] if a person performs for the pleasure of others, or for show-off or for feeling elated in their eyes; in fact, he commits an act of Shirk. ‘To please’ is the right of Allah and he has shared it with others.


10. Who deserves the help of Allah?

Translation: It is narrated by a person from Madinah that Mua’via (r.a.) wrote to Aisha (r.a.) requesting her to advise him in the briefest possible words.
In respond Aisha (r.a.) wrote, Blessings of Allah be upon you. I have heard Rasulullah (s.a.) saying, “Those who are desirous to get the pleasure of Allah and do not care for the displeasure of others, Allah helps such people and the displeasure of others does not cause any damage to them. But those who seek the pleasure of others at the cost of displeasure to Allah, Allah deprives them of His helping hands and throws them to the vagaries of humans. As a result, they remain deprived of the help of Allah and also they do not get any assistance from those whom he pleased at the cost of displeasure to Allah”. Blessings of Allah may be upon you.
[From Tirmizi -Chapter: Persuasion]


11. Reward of seeking Akhirah

Translation: It is narrated by Zaid Ibne Thabit (r.a.) that he heard Rasulullah (s.a.) saying, “The person whose objective of life is [the attainment of] this world, Allah will deprive him of the peace and contentment of his heart and will always be running after the greed of collecting wealth an insatiable wants. He will get only that portion from this world that Allah had allotted to him. And those, whose objective is [the attainment of] Akhirah, Allah will shower upon them the peace and contentment of heart, protect it from the greed of wealth and they will get positively the allotted fortune of this world “.
[Al-Targheeb wa al-Tarheeb]


12. The Purity of intention and the reward of Akhirah

Translation: Anas Ibne Malik (r.a.) narrates that while traveling with Rasulullah (s.a.) on return back from Ghazwah Tabuk [the battle of Tabuk], he (s.a.) said during this journey, “Some people were left behind in Madinah but in fact they have been [constantly] with us in every valley and every mountain pass that we crossed throughout this journey. They were left behind only because due to some [honest] excuses”.
[From Bukhari & Abu Dawood]

Explanatory Note: This Hadith connotes that if anyone had the intention to do some good deed but due to some inability [excuses], he could not perform it, Allah will not deprive him from the reward of that Amal [action].


13. Purity of intention and reward of Allah

Translation: Abu Darda (r.a.) narrates from Rasulullah (s.a.) that he (s.a.) said, “One who goes to bed with the intention to get up for Tahajjud [nightly prayers] but due to deep slumber, he could not arise till the dawn breaks, the Salah of Tahajjud will be recorded to the credit of his account and the sleep [of that night] will be counted as reward from his Sustainer”.
[From Nisa’i & Ibne Ma’ja]


14. Invaluable fruits of Sincerity

Translation: Maa’z Ibne Jabal (r.a.) narrates that when Rasulullah (s.a.) was deputing him to Yemen, he said, “O Prophet of Allah! Please give me some advice”.
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Keep your intention clean [from all kinds of impurities. What ever you do, do it for the pleasure of Allah. In that case], a few deeds will suffice you [for your salvation] ”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb & Al-Ha’kim: Chapter –Sincerity]




15. Iman, Islam, Ehsan and signs of Doomsday

Translation: It is narrated by Abu Hurairah (r.a.) that Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “You should ask me about Deen” But people, out of respect, were generally hesitant to ask questions from him (s.a.). [And every body was desirous that someone comes from outside and puts questions to Rasulullah (s.a.). This way, they will also be benefited]
So, a person came and sat very close to him (s.a.) and asked, “O Prophet of Allah! What is Islam?”
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Not to associate partners with Allah, establishing Salah, paying Zakah, and fasting in Ramadan”.
He confirmed it and asked, “O Prophet of Allah! What is Iman?”
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Belief in Allah, His angels, His Scriptures, His Messengers, resurrection in Akhirah and believing that whatever is happening in this world is in accordance to His planning and discretion”.
He confirmed it and asked, “O Prophet of Allah! What is Ehsan?”
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “You fear Allah as if He is before your eyes. But if you cannot see Him, then [you take it for granted] He is watching you”.
He confirmed it and asked, “O Prophet of Allah! When the dooms-day will come?”
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “The way you are ignorant of it, similarly, I am also ignorant about its appointed hours but I can tell you its signs”.
“When you see that the woman has become the Master of her lord, take it as the sign that the dooms-day is at hand”.
“And when you see the bear-footed, dumb, deaf and naked people have become the master of the land, take it as the sign that the dooms-day is at hand”.
“And when you see that the shepherds are competing with one and other in constructing high-rise buildings, take it as a sign that the dooms-day is at hand”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb -Ref: Bukhari & Muslim]

Explanatory Note: Literary meaning of Iman is conviction and trust in Allah. Islam means total surrender to Allah. Ehsan means to do something artistically with excellence.
The objective of the third question was how a man can be a pious and dutiful slave of Allah? Rasulullah (s.a.) replied to this question that man couldn’t attain the best of deeds with best of intention unless he develops a constant vision that he is seeing Allah and he is present before Him or he is constantly under the watch of Allah. The essence of this concept is this that without constantly living under the conviction that either he is seeing Allah or Allah is watching him wherever he is and whatever he is doping; one cannot attain perfection with adoration in any of his action or deed. Further, the woman becoming the master of her Lord means that she is disobedient to her husband. Similarly, when the slave girl shows high headedness to her master, sons become arrogant to fathers, youngsters become disrespectful to elders, these are the approaching signs of the dooms-day. The second visible sign will appear when the uncivilized and dunce become the rulers of this earth. The third sign will appear when the people of low profile and the poor abound in wealth and it is expended in constructing tall and magnificent buildings in competition to others. When these signs are visible, it means that the dooms-day is at hand. As regards its timing, it is known to Allah alone.


6. Kalimah Tayyeba and Sincerity of Heart

Translation: From Zaid b Arqam (r.a.), Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “One who recites, La Ilaha Ilallah with sincerity will enter intoparadise”.
People asked, “What is Ikhlas [Sincerity]?
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “It connotes that accepting this Kalimah, one must restrain from all that Allah has prohibited”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb]

And Musnad Ahmad has quoted [this Hadith] from Rifa’a Juhni (r.a.) in these words, “One who stands witness with sincerity that there is no deity except Allah, confirms that I am the Messenger of Allah and follows the straight path, he will enter into paradise”.

And Tirmizi narrates, “The person who recites Kalimah and keeps himself aloof from Kaba’air [great sins] will go to Jannah [paradise]”.

Explanatory Note: All the above three narrations are extremely important. Mere recitation of Kalimah – La Ilaha Illallah, is no guarantee of Heaven. Along with it, following the straight path as ordained by Allah and His Prophet (s.a.) and never approaching even to the proximity of [Kaba’air] great sins, are essential requisites to get into paradise.


17. Blessings of good deeds

Translation: Abdullah b Umar (r.a.) asked from Rasulullah (s.a.), “O Prophet of Allah: will we be accountable for the deeds of Shirk [idolatry] committed during the time of Jahilyah [days of ignorance before Islam]?”
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Those who will do good deeds in Islam will not be made accountable for Shirk [idolatry] committed during Jahilyah but those who will commit bad deeds in Islam will be accountable for the bad deeds of both the periods”.
[From Musnad Ahmad]


18. State of Iman

Translation: Anas b Malik (r.a.) reports: Rasulullah (s.a.) visited
a youth who was about to die.
He (s.a.) asked, “Under what state you are?”
The youth said, “O Prophet of Allah! I feel hopeful of the Rahmah [kindness] of Allah but equally, I am fearful of my sins”.

Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Under such conditions [as at the time of death], Allah fulfils both the expectations. Allah will protect him from what he fears [from Hellfire] and grant him of what he was hopeful [the Paradise]”.
[From Tirmizi]

Explanatory Note: This Hadith teaches us the lesson that a Mumin neither feels despondent from the mercy of Allah nor nurtures no concern about the consequences of his sins. This state of Iman has also been described in these words: “Iman is in between hope and fear”. Expectation of kindness from Allah leads to good deeds and fear of the consequences of sins leads towards repentance and seeking pardon from Him.



[OF PROPHET (s.a.)]

 19. Emphasis on fulfillment of Obligations

Translation: Abdullah b Abbas (r.a.) narrates that Rasulullah (s.a.), while giving a Khutba said, “Allah has ordained right for everyone. So fulfill what is due to each. Be aware, Allah has declared some obligations [fulfill them], and designated some ways and methods [follow them], permitted some things [use them], and prohibited certain things [don’t go near them]. The Deen, which He has designed for you, it is easy and balanced, comprehensive and all encompassing. It is not suffocating”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Tabrani]

Explanatory Note: From “suffocation”, it means that you will neither feel deprived by following the Deen nor it will retard the progress of human’s life. The highway of Deen is vast and smooth.


20. Deep involvement with the Qur’an

Translation: Abu Shareeh Khizai (r.a.) says that one day Rasulullah (s.a.) came to us and said, “Do you stand witness that there is no deity except Allah and I am the Messenger of Allah?” People confirmed it affirmatively.

After that Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “One end of this Qur’an is in the hands of Allah and the other end is in your hands. So hold it fast, you will never go astray, nor you will ever meet destruction after that”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb]


21. The Testament of Rasulullah (s.a.)

Translation: Ibne Abbas (r.a.) narrates that Rasulullah (s.a.) addressed us at the time of his last Hajj to Makkah and said, “I am leaving behind for you the thing if you hold it fast, you will never go astray: the Book of Allah and the traditions of His Prophet (s.a.)
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb]


22. Significance of the Revival of Sunnah

Translation: Omar b Aauf (r.a.) narrates that one day Rasulullah (s.a.) said to Bilal b Harith (r.a.),” O Bilal! Be aware”. He (r.a.) said, “O Prophet of Allah, “About what you are asking me to be aware of?”
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Those who will revive my Sunnah after it is forgotten will get the reward equal to one who has been practicing it and the reward of those who were holding it will not be reduced. And those who will innovate something in Deen against the consent of Allah and His Rasul (s.a.), he will be punished equal to one who was practicing it without making any reduction in the punishment of those who were practicing it”.
[From Tirmizi]


23. Extraordinary reward for following Sunnah

Translation: Ibne Abbas (r.a.) narrates that Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Who will uphold my tradition while the Ummah is suffering from Fasad [is deviated], he will get the reward equal to hundred martyrs”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb]

Explanatory Note: Such a tremendous reward he will get because in spite of the fact that his environment was not conducive and encountering immense opposition all around, he did not compromise with the wrongful attitude of the people. Rather, he stood firm as witness with his life and demonstrated that the salvation lies only in following life
pattern of Rasulullah (s.a.).




24. Miswak [tooth brush] and the pleasure of Allah

Translation: From Aisha (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Miswak [tooth brush] cleans the mouth and is a means to get the pleasure of Allah “. In another narration: “it increase eyes sight”
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb]


25. Wadhu -Recognition of Muslim

Translation: From Abdullah b Umar (r.a.). Gabriel asked Rasulullah (s.a.), “What is Islam?”
He (s.a.) said, “The Islam is: You bear witness that there is no deity except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; establish Salah and pay Zakah; perform Hajj and Umrah; take shower when it is essential; make wadhu correctly; and fast during Ramadan”. The questioner asked if he maintains all these, would he be considered as Muslim?
Rasulullah (s.a.) confirmed, “Yes”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Ibne Khazima]

Explanatory Note: It is a part of the long Hadith of Gabriel, which has been narrated in different manner This Hadith deals with Hajj, Umrah and wadhu. The purpose of quoting this Hadith is to give due emphasis on performing wadhu correctly the way Rasulullah (s.a.) did. The good wadhu will lead to concentration in prayers and create the condition of devotion and fear. The devil will be least able to pollute the Salah and that will be a great success.


26. Azan – Protection from punishment

Translation: From Anas b Malik (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “When Azan is called for Salah in any habitation, Allah protects it from the punishment of the day”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Tabrani]


27. Azan: the commitment of Pardon and Paradise

Translation: Aqabah b Amir (r.a.) quotes from Rasulullah (s.a.), “Your Lord is extremely pleased with the shepherd when he calls for Azan from a mountaintop and offers Salah.
Allah (SWT) responds: Look to my slave, he is calling for Azan away from habitation and offers prayers, he fears me, I will pardon him and reward him with paradise”.
[From Abu Dawood and Nis’ai]


28. The first question on the Day of Judgment

Translation: From Abdullah b Qurt (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “The first question on the Day of Judgment will be asked about Salah. If he succeeds, he will come out with flying colors in the rest of his deeds. If he fails in the evaluation of his Salah, his entire deeds will be spoiled”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Tabrani]

Explanatory Note: This is so because Salah is the practical demonstration of Tawheed [Oneness of God] and is the foundation of Deen. If the edifice is sound, the entire structure will be strong. If the foundation is weak, the entire structure will be infirm.


29. Time to extinguish inferno of sin

Translation: From Anas b Malik (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “At the time of every prayer an angel declares: O the progenies of Adam! Get up to extinguish the fire that you have ignited”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Tabrani]

Explanatory Note: In between two Salah, people commit a lot of mistakes [sins] both small and great which may transform into hellfire in the next world. The angle, therefore, calls: come to Masjid to extinguish the fire ignited by you, offer prayers and beg His pardon. Only His pardon can put out this fire.


30. The beloveds of Allah

Translation: Anas b Malik(r.a.) heard Rasulullah (s.a.) saying. “Those who habitat the houses of Allah are His beloved friends”.
[From Tabrani] Explanatory Note: Those who habitat the houses of Allah [Masajid] and render services for them, they are the beloved slaves of Allah.


31. Attachment with Masjid, the proof of Iman

Translation: From Abu Sayeed Khudri (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “When you see a person attending Salah in congregation in Masjid on a regular basis, you confirm that he is a Mumin”.
[From Tirmizi & Ibne Ma’ja]


32. Steps towards Salah in Congregation

Translation: Ubai b Ka’ab (r.a.) narrates that the house of an Ansari was far away from the Prophet’s Masque but he was regular in attending Salah in the Masjid without losing any one. Someone asked him, “Why don’t you get a donkey to enable you to attend the Masjid both in hot weather and during the night?”
He replied, “I do not prefer to have residence near Masjid. I want to come on foot and get the reward for each step in coming to and from the Masjid”. Hearing this Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Allah (SWT) will reward him for each step”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Muslim]


33. Salatul Fajr and Isha in the eyes of Sahabah

Translation: Abdullah Ibne Umar (r.a.) says that when we did not find any one at the time of Fajr and Isha in congregation, we used to have bad presumption about him.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Ibne Khazima, Tabrani]

Explanatory Note: They were presuming such persons as hypocrites who were mostly found absent in Fajr and Isha. There was no electricity. People could hide themselves easily. The hypocrites, whose hearts were devoid of Iman, used to abstain. The Qur’an has depicted their picture in these words: “they come to prayer but under compulsion with no interest”


34. Matters to think for Imam

Translation: From Abdullah b Umar (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “One who leads the prayer should fear Allah. He should know that he is accountable for the followers [behind him in Salah]. If he leads the prayer in perfect order, he will get the reward equal to his followers with no decrease in their reward. But if his leadership [in Salah] is defective, he himself will be the loser and his followers will suffer nothing”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Tabrani]


35. Preference for offering non-obligatory prayers in house

Translation: Abdullah b Maswood (r.a.) says that he asked Rasulullah (s.a.), “Is offering of non-obligatory prayers in house better than in Masajid?”
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Don’t you see how close my house is from Masjid? Offering non-obligatory prayers in house is more preferable to me than in the Masjid but the obligatory prayers must be offered in the Masjid”.
[Ibne Ma’ja & Musnad Ahmad]


36. Stealing in the prayer

Translation: From Abu Qatada (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “The worst thief is that who commits stealing in his prayers”. People asked. “O Prophet of Allah! What means the stealing in prayers?
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “It means that he does not perform Ruku and Sajud in perfect order”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Tabrani & Ibne Khazima]


37. Disintegration of Islamic order

Translation: From Abu Umamah (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “A time will come when the order of Islam will fall apart one by one. When something will disintegrate, people, instead of removing the disorder will be contented with the remaining part. The first thing that will fall apart will be the order of justice [Rightful guided Khilafah] and the last thing will be the order of Salah”. [Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Ibne Heban]

Explanatory Note: It means that gradually the foundation of Deen will start crumbling one by one. First the political sovereignty of Islam will wither away, resulting in fast dwindling of the system till the last link of the chain will be lost too. Most of the people will abandon Salah and that will be the last stage of decadence.


38. Significance of Zakah in Deen

Translation: Abdullah b Maswood (r.a.) narrates, “We have been ordained to establish Salah and pay Zakah. One who offers Salah but does not pay Zakah, his Salah will not be
accepted by Allah”.
In other version, such person is not Muslim and his deeds will not benefit him [on the Day of Judgment].
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Tabrani]


39. Zakah, the right of Allah

Translation: From Abu Hurairah (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “When you have paid Zakah on your wealth, you have fulfilled your obligation to Allah. And one who has accumulated ill-gotten gains and expends in the way of Allah, he will get no reward but, on the contrary, it would be a sin”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Ibne Khazima & Ibne Heban]


40. Fasting in Ramadan and Traviah

Translation: From Abu Hurairah (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Allah has prescribed fasting in Ramadan obligatory and I have introduced Salatul Traviah for you. Those who will fast
in Ramadan and offer Traviah with Iman and expecting reward, they will be as clean from sin as they were when born”.
[Al-Targheeb & al-Tarheeb]
Explanatory Note: In Hadith the word “Qaya’m” has been used which means Traviah. On who is Mumin and does these two things, expecting reward in Akhirah, all his sins will be pardoned. As regards sins pertaining to rights of the people, they will be pardoned only when either the right is returned to the rightful person or he forgives with pleasure.


41. Emphasis on Sehri [i.e., eating before dawn breaks]

Translation: Abdullah b Harith (r.a.) narrated from a companion of Rasulullah (s.a.) that he went to him (s.a.) at the time when he was taking Sehri. Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Taking Sehri is the blessing granted by Allah. So, never give up taking Sehri”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Nisa’i]

Explanatory Note: Jews were not accustomed to take Sehri while fasting. It was an innovation introduced by their Rabbis or they were restrained by Allah to have Sehri in consequence to their transgression. Simple and easy directives were given to the Ummah of the last Prophet of Allah and Sehri is one of them. Sehri helps in remembering Allah well during day time and creates ease in other works. This is the blessing of Sehri.


42. Fasting, the Zakah of body

Translation: From Abu Hurairah (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “There is a Zakah [purification] of every thing. The Zakah of the body is fasting and the fasting is half Sabr”.
[From Ibne Ma’ja]
Explanatory Note: According to modern research all the Muslims and non-Muslims Doctors are of the opinion that through fasting, as per Muslim’s tradition, one gets rid of a lot of dangerous diseases. And that “fasting is half Sabr” means: it is an Ebadah that is comparatively more pure than others and is free of pretension, and the spiritual power that one gets in sustaining control over the self is equal to half of what one can get from all the rest of the Ebadah.


43. Fasting is a shield

Translation: Uthman b Abul A’s (r.a.) reports that he heard Rasulullah (s.a.) saying, “The way a shield protects you in the battle field, similarly, fasting is a shield that will protect you from Hellfire”.
[Al-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb]


44. Prayers for breaking fast and its big reward

Translation: Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “The Muslim who fasts and recites this Du’a [with the breaking of his fast] ‘ O the Magnificent Allah, the Al-Mighty, the Supreme! You are my Lord, there is no deity except you, pardon my enormous sins and only Thou can pardon my great sins [Translation f the Du’a], he will be cleaned of his sins as if he is born today”.
[Al-Targheeb WA Al-Tarheeb]


45. Etiquette of Fasting

Translation: From Abu Hurairah (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Fasting is not just giving up eating or drinking. The real fasting is to keep away from useless and absurd acts and restrain from lustful talks. So one who is fasting, if he is rebuked or put to altercation, he should declare that he is fasting, he is fasting”. [i.e., he is not in a position to argue]
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Ibne Khazima & Ibne Heban]


46. Fasting while traveling

Translation: Anas b Malik (r.a.) says that we were traveling with Rasulullah (s.a.), some of us were fasting and some were not. We stopped at one place and it was a very hot day. Those who have blanket were most comfortable and were under shadow while some were protecting themselves just by hands. At this juncture, those who were fasting fell down and those who were not, got up, fixed their tents and watered their rids [animals].
[Seeing this condition] Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Today, those who were not fasting collected all the Ajr [reward]”. In another tradition it is said, “The companions (r.a.) opined that the traveler who has the stamina, preferably, should fast and the traveler who feels week should preferably not fast”.
[From Muslim]

Explanatory Note: Perhaps it was the journey for the Conquest of Makkah that occurred in Ramadan. During this journey at some place, Rasulullah (s.a.) broke his fast so that others might follow him (s.a.). But some fasted because Rasulullah (s.a.) did not ordain to do it. When they stopped at some place, those who were fasting were feeling run down but those who were not got up with zeal, fixed their tents and watered the riding animals.


47. Topic Same

Translation: Jabir (r.a.) narrates that Rasulullah (s.a.) passed through a person who was lying unconscious under the shadow of a tree and people were sprinkling water upon him. Rasulullah (s.a.) inquired, “What happened to him?” People said, “O Prophet of Allah! He was fasting, could not sustain and fell down unconscious". Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Fasting, while traveling is no good. It is essential for you to get the benefit of Allah’s given concessions”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Nisa’i]

Explanatory Note: The person who is bodily week and is likely to encounter such situation due to fasting, he should enjoy the benefit of Allah’s given concession.


48. Significance of Ramadan fasting

Translation: From Abu Hurairah (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “If someone [intentionally] abandons even one day of fasting in Ramadan without any excuse, permissible in Shariah [state of sickness or traveling], if he fasts for the whole of his life, will not be able to compensate for this day”.
[Tirmizi & Abu Dawood]


49. Tragic end of those who disregard fasting [intentionally]

Translation: Abu Umamah Al-Baheli (r.a.) reports that he heard Rasulullah (s.a.) saying, “While, I was sleeping two persons came, they hold my shoulder, brought me to a rugged
mountain and asked me to climb over it. I told them that I cannot climb”.
They said, “Climb, we will make it easy for you”.
So I climbed and when I reached the middle of the mountain,
I heard the sounds of crying extremely
I (s.a.) asked, “What these cries are?
They replied, “These are the cries of the people in the Hellfire”.
Then I advanced further, I saw some people who were hanging upside down, their jaws have been torn apart and were bleeding.
I (s.a.) inquired, “Who are these people?”
They told me, “They are those who intentionally abandoned fasting, eating and drinking in the month of Ramadan”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Ibne Khazima & Ibne Heban]


50. Eid – The day of reward

Translation: Sa’d b Aws Ansari narrates from his father, Aws Ansari (r.a.) that Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “When the day of Eid comes, the angles of Allah take position at the corners of each street and declare, “O the Believers! Proceed to your Lord Who is very merciful, tells you about the good deeds, favors you with Tawfeeq to practice them and then award you with big rewards. He ordained you for Traviah and you did it, He ordained you to fast during the day time and you fasted, you followed the directives from your lord, now come and pick up your prizes”. When the people complete their Eid prayers, an angle announces, “O the people! Your Lord has pardoned you, so returned to your homes with flying colors. This is the reward of Eid Day and this day is known in the world of angles as the Day of Reward.”
[Al-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb]


51. Haste in performing obligatory Hajj

Translation: From Abdullah b Abbas (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “O the people! When Hajj becomes obligatory, make haste in its performance as none of you knows when and what obstruction may fall in its way”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb]


52. Consequence of neglecting Hajj

Translation: Abu Umamah (r.a.) narrates from Rasulullah (s.a.), “If a person is not a poor, not sick and there is no restriction form a tyrant ruler, even then he is not performing Hajj, it makes no difference as to whether he dies as a Jew or a Christian”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Baihaqi] Explanatory Note: If the performing of Hajj has become obligatory and there is no restriction, even then if it is not performed, the Iman is in danger.


53. The pilgrims of Haram in the sight of Allah

Translation: From Jabir (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Those who proceed on Hajj and Umrah are the honorable guests of Allah (SWT). Allah called them to His house and they responded. Now whatever prayers they made before Him, He granted them”.
[Al-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb}
Explanatory Note: There are different versions of this Hadith. In some, the pilgrims ask for pardon, Allah accepts it. In some, it is stated that Allah also pardons those about whom, the pilgrims pray for their Maghfirah [pardon]. However, it must be clearly understood that the sins that pertain to human rights will not be excused till the person [whose rights have been usurped or violated] himself forgives it.


54. Women’s Jihad – Hajj and Umrah

Translation: Abu Hurairah (r.a.) quotes from Rasulullah (s.a.), “The Jihad [struggling in the way of Allah] for the elders, the week and womenfolk is the performing of Hajj and Umrah”.
[From Nisa’i]


55. The True Hajj

Translation: Abdullah b Umar (r.a.) narrates that a person asked Rasulullah (s.a.), “Who is the Haji [one who performs the Hajj]?
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Whose hair are in disarray and putting on dirty cloths”.
The man asked, “What action of Hajj is the best”?
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Reciting loudly the Talbeeh of Labbaik and sacrificing animal”.
The man asked, “What is the meaning of Als-Sabeel”?
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “It means the transport and the traveling expenses”.
[From Ibne Ma’ja]

Explanatory Note: This Hadith tells us that what kind of Pilgrimage Allah likes. Rasulullah (s.a.) elaborates that Hajj is a worship of total devotion. Those who intend to visit the House of their beloved Allah; they should have little or least botheration about their food, dress and shower. Whatever time they get should utilize it in praying, reciting, crying and seeking the pardon of Allah.

In the last question, the man, referring the word “Als-Sabeel” of Verse 47 of Al-Imran, asked what it connotes? Rasulullah
(s.a.) explained that there must be proper arrangement of transport to reach the House of Allah and traveling expenses for the journey.


56. Allah’s especial bounties for the people of Arafat

Translation: From Abdullah b Umar (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said,”When pilgrims cry and beg near the mount of Arafat, Allah (SWT) gets down to the first sky [close to this world] and says to His angles: Look to my slaves, in what condition they have come to Me with hairs in disarray and covered with dust”.

Explanatory Note: It appears from this Hadith that when people reach Arafat and are totally absorbed in begging and crying to their Lord with hope, secretly and loudly, the mercy of Allah is especially showered upon them.


57. Sacrifices and Sincerity

Translation: From Ali b Talib (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “O people! Sacrifice [animal], shed the blood of animals for reward in the Akhirah. Though the blood of the animals apparently falls on the ground but, in fact, it is deposited with Allah (SWT) [in the account of one who sacrifices]”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Tabrani]

Explanatory Notes: In the Hadith, the word of “Hirz” has been used. Hirz is that box in which people keep their cloths etc. On the day of Adha, sacrifice is the greatest source of reward. The blood of animal, in our limited vision, falls on the ground and becomes valueless. But as the Prophet of Allah says it goes directly to the treasure of Allah to the credit of one who sacrifices it.


58. Who is the unfortunate?

Translation: From Abu Sayeed Khudri (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Allah (SWT) says: the person whom I blessed with health and financial prosperity and he enjoys this condition continuously for five years, he did not care to come to Me, he is unfortunate”.
[Al-Targheeb – Ibne Heban]

Explanatory Notes: Health and prosperity are two great favors of Allah. Who has got these blessings, he should try utmost to cement his relation with Allah and be thankful to Him both through words and deeds. But getting these favors, he does not turn to Allah, not one, two, three but completely for five years for performing Hajj to the House of Allah, what can be more unfortunate thing than this event. He should know it clearly that the One who has made these favors to him, can take them back instantly and there is no guarantee that will he ever get them back.


59. Balance in Ebadah

Translation: From Ziad b Nuaim Hadrami (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Allah has ordained four Ebadah, obligatory in Islam. A person who performs three Ebadah and neglects the fourth one, the three will not benefit him till he acts upon all the four. The four obligatory Ebadah are: Salah, Zakah, Sawm and Hajj”.
[From Musnad Ahmad]

Explanatory Note: This and other Ahadith, falling in the same category tell us the importance of Salah, Zakah, Sawm and Hajj in Deen. Especially, they constitute a great significance for today’s Muslims. A large number of Muslims have abandoned Salah. Even those who perform Salah don’t pay Zakah. Some fast but don’t go near Salah nor pay Zakah. Some care for Salah, Sawm and Zakah but are neglecting Hajj. Rasulullah (s.a.) warns such people to perform all the four with equal emphasis. If you take care of only three and neglect the fourth, you will be in great trouble in the Akhirah. Allah (SWT) will ask that He made four fundamentals obligatory Ebadah not three, two or one: who authorized you to make this division? Being the slave, how you became the master?

Committing to Kalimah, becoming Muslim, acknowledging the position of servitude and being the follower of My Prophet (s.a.), how you revolted against the established fundamentals of Deen? Brother and sisters, think over this scenario. What reply you will have on the Day of Judgment? What a tragic consequence you will be encountering on that Day!




60. The rights of Parents

Translation: Abu Umamah (r.a.) narrates that a person asked from Rasulullah (s.a.), “What rights parents have on their children?”
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “They are your heaven and hell”.
[From: Ibne Ma’ja]

Explanatory Note: If you take care of them and meet your obligations, you will earn paradise but if you don’t do that, you will land in hell.
From another Hadith and the directives of the Qur’an, it appears that the position of mother is higher than that of the father. The Qur’an, after giving due emphasis over nice treatment with parents, describes the trouble and hardship which the mother sustains during pregnancy, nursing and caring. The onerous right of mother can be understood from the following Hadith: Translation: A person came to Rasulullah (s.a.) and said, “O Prophet of Allah! I carried my mother on my back from Yemen and performed Hajj, putting her always on my back. I circulated around the House of Allah, hurriedly walked between Safa and Marwah, went to Arafat, came to Muzdalfah, threw pebbles in Manaa with her on my back. She is too old to move around at all. I have performed all these acts keeping her on my back. Have I fulfilled her rights or my obligations to her?” Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “No”. The man asked, “Why not”? Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “It is because she sustained all the trouble and hardship with the prayer that you be alive and what you have done with her, it was with the intention that she may die soon”


61. Paradise under the foot of the mother

Translation: Mua’via b Jahemah (r.a.) reports that his father went to Rasulullah (s.a.) and said, “O Prophet of Allah! I want to participate in Jihad and have come to seek your consent”. Rasulullah (s.a.) asked, “Is your mother alive?” He said, “yes”.
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Keep you busy in her service. Heaven lies under her foot”.
[Musnad Ahmad]

Explanatory Note: Rasulullah (s.a.) knew that his mother was alive. She was old and was in dire need of his services but the son was desirous to participate in Jihad. He (s.a.) advised that the battlefield of Jihad is in your house. Go and take care of your mother This Hadith does not mean at all that whose parents are alive should not come out of his house for the service of Deen. The parents of the most of the Sahabah (r.a.) were alive but they were going out for Jihad and Dawah Ilallah.


62. Compensation for praying and seeking Maghfirah for Parents

Translation: From Anas b Malik (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “If some one’s parent died and he had been disobedient to them in their lifetime. He becomes conscious of it and starts praying for them regularly. Allah will treat him as obedient to his parents and save him from the consequences of his disobedience”.
[Baihaqi – Al-Iman]


63. Nicely dealing with parents after death

Translation: Abu Usaid Malik b Ibne Rabia Sa’aidi (r.a.) narrates that we were sitting with Rasulullah (s.a.), a person from Banu Salmah came and asked him (s.a.), “O Prophet of Allah! My parents are dead. Is there any right of my parents left with me to fulfill?” Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Yes. After the death of parents, it is obligatory upon children that they should pray for them, seek their Maghfirah [pardon] from Allah, fulfill their commitments, and nicely treat the relations akin to them and to be respectful to their friends and entertain them”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Abu Dawood, Ibne Ma’ja & Ibne Heban]


64. Treating nicely with Maternal Aunt

Translation: Abdullah b Umar(r.a.) reports that a person came to Rasulullah (s.a.) and said, “O Prophet of Allah! I have committed a great sin. Is there any possible chance for me to
repent for it?”
Rasulullah (s.a.) asked, “Are your parents alive?”
He said, “No”.
Rasulullah (s.a.) again asked, “Have you any maternal aunt?”
He said, “Yes”
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Go and serve her”.
[From Musnad Ahmad]

Explanatory Note: The general condition of Tawba [repentance] is this that man repents for his deeds, cries in heart and seeks Allah’s pardon. But Rasulullah (s.a.), under wider spectrum of Knowledge from Allah (SWT), understood that if fair and nice treatment is given to mother or maternal aunt, this sin could be washed out. None could envision such a way out except the Prophet of Allah.


65. Respectability to Teacher

Translation: From Abu Hurairah (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Learn about Deen, develop modesty and seriousness for acquiring the knowledge of Deen and be humble and submissive to your teachers [or from whom you learn]”.
[From: Al-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb-Tabrani]

Explanatory Note: It is a confirmed opinion of scholars that after Allah and His Rasul (s.a.) the highest position is that of parents and then that of the teacher. They [parents] are the physical guardians and the teacher is the guardian of Deen. After physical nourishment, training of Deen and morality starts. Parents are like the architects and teachers decorate and beautify the building.


66. The rights of the husband

Translation: Abdullah b Abbas (r.a.) reports that a woman came to Rasulullah (s.a.) and said, “O Prophet of Allah! Women have sent me to you as their representative: You see Jihad is obligatory only on men. If they get wounded, they get reward. If they are martyred, they live alive with their Lord and will be harvesting rewards from Him. We the womenfolk protect their houses and children behind them. What reward we would get?” Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “You communicate it to women with whom you come in contact, “Being obedient to husbands and recognizing their rights is equal to Jihad but a very few of you will behave like this”.

The same Hadith has appeared in Tabrani whose contents are as follows: The women’s representative said to Rasulullah (s.a.), “The womenfolk have sent me as their representative and every woman, weather she knows it or not, prefers my coming over to you: See, Allah is the Lord and Master both of men and women and you have been appointed as Messenger to both the genders. Jihad has been made obligatory on men and not on women. If they kill the enemy, they get a reward and Ghanimah [war booty]. If they are martyred, they get a bountiful life to live with their Lord. What acts of obedience should we do which equals to their Jihad?”

Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Obedience to their husband and recognizing their rights has the same status as that of Jihad for men. But rarely you will do it”.
[Al-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb]


67. The right of wife

Translation: From Sumrah b Jundab (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Woman has been created out of rib. If you want to straighten it, you will break it. Be nice to her, you will enjoy a happy life”.
[Al-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb; Ibne Heban]

Explanatory Note: Woman is created from rib. It means her temperament, process of thinking and method of working are somewhat different than man. In the family, the husband is the head and has the upper hand. If a husband does not care for the feelings and sentiments of his wife and insists to get his opinion prevailed, the home will be deprived of the true pleasures of life. Rather, it will become hell of infighting. That is why Rasulullah (s.a.) is educating men to be nice and decent with wives. If it is not practiced, it will end in divorce and that is the most hated thing in the Shariah of Allah. It is the last resort.
This Hadith does not tell that women are crooked and men are very nice but through it Rasulullah (s.a.) communicates that in the secular systems, people do not treat women nicely. You are the slaves of Allah, so behave with them kindly.
In some other Hadith, the last phrase is “Be nice to womenfolk”.
It means Rasulullah (s.a.) is directing husbands to remind each other for treating their wives nicely. That is, you be nice yourself to your wives and advise others to do the same.


68. Right of children

Translation: From Abdullah b Abbas (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Be kind to your children and give them good education and Tarbiyah [training]”.
[Al-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb: Ibne Ma’ja]


69. Tarbiyah (training) of family and children

Translation: From Abdullah b Umar (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “When Allah gives authority to someone over others, irrespective of fact whether the number is small or large, on the Day of Judgment, Allah (SWT) will put him to question about those who were under his control. Has he established the commands of Allah over his subordinates or destroyed them through negligence? He will be specifically questioned about his family members”.
[From Musnad Ahmad]

Explanatory Note: The husband will be asked about his wife, children and those who were under his care that how far he educated them about Deen and provided moral training. If he has tried his best to educate them about Deen and make them good Muslims, he may get relief otherwise, he will be in great trouble, irrespective of the fact howsoever he himself is religious minded and Allah conscious.


70. Right of poor Muslims

Translation: Umar b Khattab (r.a.) says that it was asked to Rasulullah (s.a.), “What is the best deed?” Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “To please the heart of a Mumin is a matter of great reward: If he is hungry, feed him: if he has no cloth, get him cloths; if he has some unfulfilled need, meet it”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb – From Tabrani]


71. Meeting the wants of needy Muslims

Translation: From Abu Sayeed Khudri (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “When a Mumin feeds a Mumin while he is hungry, Allah (SWT) will feed him with the fruits of paradise on the Day of Judgment.
If a Mumin quenches the thirst of a Mumin while he is thirsty, Allah will serve him with “Al-Raheequl Al-Makhtoom” [the sealed nectar – free of intoxication] from heaven.
And when a Mumin puts on cloth to a Mumin who is naked, Allah will clad him with heavenly dress on the Day of Judgment”.
[From Tirmizi]


72. Reward for helping the needy

Translation: From Abdullah b Umar (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “When a person feeds his brother and quenches his thirst with water, Allah will keep him away from Hellfire at a distance equal to seven ditches of fire and the distance in between two ditches will be equal to a journey of five hundred years”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Tabrani]


73. Drawing attention to good deeds

Translation: Abu Hurairah (r.a.) narrates from Rasulullah (s.a.), “One who guides some one to a good deed, he will get the reward equal to one who acts upon it. Allah likes that one who is in trouble is helped [irrespective of the fact whether he is a Muslim or a non-Muslim]”.
[Al-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb]


74. Kindness with servants

Translation: From Abu Bakr (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “That man will not enter into heaven who is using his power and authority in wrong way [harsh to his servants and slaves]”. People asked, “O Prophet of Allah! Have you not told us that this Ummah will have greater number of slaves and orphans in comparison to others?” He (s.a.) replied, “Yes, I told you”. You treat them the way you are behaving with your children, feed them what you eat yourselves”. People asked, “What worldly thing will be beneficial in Akhirah?” Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “The horse that you feed [maintain] to ride towards battle field for Jihad in the way of Allah; treating nicely the slave who acts at your place and if he is regular in Salah [he is a Muslim], he deserves better treatment from you”. [Explanatory Note: This Hadith discusses about slaves. It is also applicable to domestic servants]
[Al-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb: Ahmad, Ibne Ma’ja & Tirmizi]


75. To burden to capacity

Translation: From Abu Hurairah (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Your slaves have the right upon you that you provide them with food and water; dress them, put upon them the burden of work that they can bear with and if you put them to heavy duty help them”. O the servants of Allah “Don’t put them in pain and harshness those who are the creatures of Allah and humans like you”.
[Al-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb: Ibne Heban]


76. Reward for being nice to servants

Translation: From Umar b Huraith (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “The lighter you take work from your servants, the more reward you will get”.
[Al-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb: Abu Yaa’li]


77. Kindness to animals

Translation: Jabir B Abdullah (r.a.) narrates that a donkey passed by the side of Rasulullah (s.a.) whose face was stigmatized and profusely bleeding form his nostrils. [Seeing this] Rasulullah (s.a.) said. “Curse is upon the person who has done it. He (s.a.) then announced not to stigmatize face or beat at the face”.
[Al-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb: Ibne Heban & Tirmizi]


78. Prohibition of target shooting on the animals

Translation: It is narrated that Abdullah b Umar (r.a.) passed through some kids of Quraish who were target shooting on some birds or chicken with an understanding with the owner of the birds that the arrow that will miss the target will be his [owner]. When the boys saw Ibne Umar (r.a.), they took to their heels. Abdullah b Umar (r.a.) asked, “Who has done it? Curse is upon him who has done it. Rasulullah (s.a.) has cursed upon the person who uses animate objects for target shooting”.
[Al-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb: Bukhari & Muslim]


79. Incident of a camel

Translation: Yahya b Murrah (r.a.) reports that he was sitting with Rasulullah (s.a.), a camel, running fast, came to him (s.a.), sat down before him (s.a.) on his knees and tears were rolling down from both of his eyes. Rasulullah (s.a.) asked me, “Go out and find out its owner. Something had happened to him [and that is why he is crying]”. I came out in search of the owner and came to know that it belongs to an Ansari. I brought him to Rasulullah (s.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) asked him. “What has happened to your camel”? He said. “I don’t know the cause of his crying. We benefited from him and irrigated our gardens and dates trees by carrying water on his back. Now he is no good for watering purpose. Last evening we decided among ourselves to slaughter him and distribute his meat”. Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Don’t slaughter him. Give it to me with price or no price”. The Ansari said, “O Prophet of Allah! You take it without price”. The Narrator [of the Hadith] says, “Rasulullah (s.a.) put the signs of Baitulmal [state treasury] on that camel and then sent him to be included amongst the state owned animals”.
[Al-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb: Ahmad]


80. Sharpen knife before putting down goat [for slaughtering]

Translation: Abdullah b Abbas (r.a.) narrates that Rasulullah (s.a.) passed through a person who was putting his leg on the face of goat, sharpening the knife and she was watching it. Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Will she not die before you slaughter it? Do you want to give her a double death?” In another version, words are like this: “Do you want to give her a repeated death? Why couldn’t you sharpen your knife before pulling her down?”


81. Don’t kill an animal before another one

Translation: Abdullah b Umar (r.a.) narrates that he heard Rasulullah (s.a.) saying, “Slaughter the animal with sharpened knife and don’t kill an animal in front of another”. He (s.a.) further said, “When you slaughter an animal, do it the fastest way”.


82. Subject Same

Translation: Al-Shirred (r.a.) says that he heard Rasulullah (s.a.) saying, “Who kills [even] a sparrow for nothing, it will complain to Allah on the Day of Judgment: O Allah! This man killed me uselessly and not for the sake of meat”.

Explanatory Note: Killing of animals for the sake of pleasure is a great sin. They can be hunted only for food and that is because their Creator has permitted humans to do so.


83. Prohibition of mutilation [of body]

Translation: From Abdullah b Umar (r.a.) says that he heard Rasulullah (s.a.) saying, “One who has mutilated a living being and he dies before repentance, Allah will mutilate him on the Day of Judgment”.
[Musla: means mutilation of body parts]




84. Rightful means of earnings

Translation: From Jabir b Abdullah (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “O the people! Fear Allah and don’t adopt wrongful means for earnings because no one can die till he gets his entire [allotted] providence that may come belatedly. So be fearful to Allah and use honest means for earnings your provision. Take only rightful earnings and don’t go even near to wrongful means”.
[From Ibne Ma’ja]


85. The earnings of a laborer

Translation: From Abu Hurairah (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “The best earnings is that of a laborer, provided, he performs his job with sincerity and well wishing”.
[From Musnad Ahmad]


86. Earnings with hard labor

Translation: From Abdullah b Umar (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Allah loves that Mumin who earns his leavings with hard labor”.
[Al-Targheeb wa al-Tarheeb: Tabrani]


87. Trade

Translation: Jumaiy b Umair (r.a.) narrates from his uncle that someone asked from Rasulullah (s.a.) about the best means of earnings. He (s.a.) said, “Trade [or business] that is free from all kinds of methods prohibited by Allah and earnings through manual labor”.
[From Musnad Ahmad]


88. Concept of correct means of earning

Translation: Ka’ab b Ujrah (r.a.) narrates that a person passed by Rasulullah (s.a.), Sahabah (r.a.) observed that he is actively involved in earning his living. They asked Rasulullah (s.a.), “Had his struggle been in the way of Allah, how fine it would have been”.
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “If he is out to struggle for his little children, it is in the way of Allah. If he is struggling for taking care of his old parents, it will be in the way of Allah. If he is working to protect himself from spreading his hands to others, it will also be ch33unted in the way of Allah. But if he wanth3 to earn for show off or getting supremacy over others, then his entire effort will be counted in the way of Satan [devil]”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Tabrani]

Explanatory Notes: The entire life of a Mumin is Ebadah and all his actions and deeds earn reward for him. The wide connotation that Islam presents about life of abstinence, Taqwah and Ebadah is very much visible from this Hadith. In another Hadith, it is ordained: “Whatever is expended by a Mumin on his person, on his wife, on his children and on his servants, it is all Sadaqah and Ebadah and he will be rewarded for it”.


89. The Correct concept about wealth

Translation: Sufyan Suri (RA) said, “At the time of Prophet
(s.a.) and guided Caliphs, wealth was considered as a pernicious object but in our time it has become the shield of a Mumin. If these Dinar and Durham had not been with us, the kings and the rich would have made us their handkerchief [subservient]. Today if someone has some wealth, he should invest it into business so that he earns profit and increases his capital. If he is poor, he will first sell his Deen. Expending from honest earnings is not extravagancy”.
[From Mishkat]

Explanatory Note: “Kings and the rich would have made us their handkerchief”. It means, if we would have no wealth, we would have been forced to visit these people and they would have used us for their objectives. But we have wealth, so we are free from them. During the time of Prophet (s.a.) and his Companions (r.a.), their Iman was strong. That is why they were save from all kinds of worldly temptations but today the Iman is weak and in the state of poverty, people will be inclined to sell their Iman. So this is an advice from Sufyan Suri (r.a.) and not an advocacy to lead a life of luxury.

The last sentence of his advice means that there is no extravagancy if your earnings are honest. Extravagancy comes under the category of Haram. For instance, if someone is dressing nicely, taking good food, you cannot say he is extravagant. The condition is this that his fine cloths and his delicious food have been obtained through honest means of living.


90. Persuasion to give loan

Translation: From Abdullah b Maswood (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Every loan is a Sadaqah”.
[Al-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb]

Explanatory Note: If a man of means gives loan to some poor man, it is a good deed, he will get the reward from Allah. It is because he has eased the difficult situation of the poor. Allah will ease the condition of the creditor on the Day of Judgment.


91. Under the same heading

Translation: From Abdullah b Maswood (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “If a Muslim gives loan once to a Muslim, he will be receiving such a big reward as if he has given the same amount twice”.
[From: Ibne Ma’ja]


92. The reward of giving relief to debtor

Translation: From Huzaifah (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Angles approached a person [after his death] from amongst the Muslims who passed before you and asked: Have you done
anything good in your worldly life?
He said, “No”.
They said, “Try to recollect”.
He said, “I used to give loans to people and direct my servants to allow more time, if they are hard-pressed and cannot pay back in time and if the debtor is solvent, be kind to him”.
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Allah (SWT) directs the angles to forgive his mistakes”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Bukhari]

Explanatory Note: Sometime it happens that Allah likes an action of His slave so much that He ignores his sins and entitles him for the paradise. There are a lot of such instances in Ahadith. Who knows, when and what action of a slave is appreciable by his Lord!


93. Subject Same

Translation: Buraidah (r.a.) heard Rasulullah (s.a.) saying, “One who gives loan to a distressed person for a fixed time, one Sadaqah [reward of a good deed] is recorded in his account every day. If he [the debtor] could not pay by the appointed time, he [the creditor] extends the time limit, then two Sadaqah [the reward of two goods deeds] will now be credited to his account [the account of the creditor] every day”.
[From Musnad Ahmad]


94. Accepting interest

Translation: From Abdullah b Maswood (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “One who accumulates interest-bearing wealth, he ends in poverty”.
The words of another Hadith are: “The interest-bearing wealth, howsoever it grows, it ends in adversity”.
[Al-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb: Ibne Ma’ja wa Ha’kim]


95. The tragic end of the usurer

Translation: From Abu Hurairah (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “On the Night of Accession when I reached the seventh sky, I saw upward and there was lightening and thunder.
I passed through people with swollen bellies looking like a house full of snakes, visible from outside.
I (s.a.) asked Gabriel, “Who are these people?” He said, “They were eating interest [Al-Riba]”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Musnad Ahmad & Ibne Ma’ja]


96. Subject Same

Translation: From Sumrah b Jundub (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “In the night I saw two persons came to me and carried me to Baitul Muqaddas. We proceeded ahead till we reached a river of blood in which a man was standing and on the bank of the river there was another man with stones in his hands. The man standing in the river when he tries to come out of it, the man at the bank by throwing stones on his face forces him to retreat where he was standing. This was the constant scenario: Whenever he tries to come out, he was not allowed to do so. When he reaches the bank, he is forced to retreat by throwing stones on his face.
I (s.a.) asked Gabriel, “Who is that man in the river?”
He said, “He is the person who was eating interest [Riba] in the world”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Bukhari]


97. Depriving [someone] from inheritance is a sin

Translation: Sa’lim quotes from his father, Abdullah b Umar (r.a.) that when Ghailan b Salamah Thaqafi (r.a.) entered into Islam, he had ten wives. Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Select four wives from them [and leave the rest]”. During the Khilafah of Umar (r.a.), he divorced all his [four] wives and divided his wealth amongst the brothers of his father [uncles]. When Umar (r.a.) got the news, he called for Ghailan (r.a.) and said, “I think Satan [the devil] had heard the news of your death and he had conveyed it to you. Perhaps you will now live for a few days. That is why you have divorced your wives to deprive them form inheritance and divided your wealth amongst your uncles”.
“I swear by Allah, you have to turn back to your wives and take back your divided wealth. Otherwise, I will make your wives inherited by force and direct the people to throw stones on your grave as the grave of Abu Righal is stoned”.
[From Musnad Ahmad]

Explanatory Note: Allah (SWT) has fixed the share of inheritance. None has the right to deprive the inheritor in any way. It will be counted as a great sin. If there is an Islamic state and someone is behaving like that, it is its responsibility to disallow such acts of transgression.
Stoning is a punishment meant for those who are condemned. This Hadith shows that depriving an inheritor is an act of curs.
Abu Rijal was an Arab of Jahilyah. He conspired with Abraha and guided his army, advancing towards Makkah for the demolition of Allah’s House [Haram]. That is why the people used to stone the grave of this cursed man.


98. Significance of people’s rights

Translation: From Aisha (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “There will be three types of recorded sins:
* Sins that Allah will never forgive: It is associating partners with Him. Allah says in Verse 48 of Surah Al-Nisa: “Lo! Allah forgives not that a partner should be ascribed to Him”
* The second recorded sin will be the violation of human rights. Allah will not let it go till the oppressed gets back his right from the oppressor.
* The third recorded sin will be the violation of rights between Allah and His slaves. Now it is up to Allah, weather to punish or forgive him. [It is within His discretion]”.
[From Mishkat]


99. Subject Same

Translation: Abbas b Mirdas (r.a.) narrates that Rasulullah (s.a.) prayed for his Ummah in the evening of the Day of Arafah. Allah (SWT) responded, “I have accepted your prayers. I will forgive the sins of your Ummah but those who have usurped the rights of others, there will be no relief for them till I recover the rights of the oppressed from the oppressor”.
[From Ibne Ma’ja]
Explanatory Note: No one should get confused from this Hadith about the concept of Maghfirah [pardon] from Allah. Both the laws of reward and punishment have been vividly described in the Qur’an and the Sunnah of Rasulullah (s.a.) and for that it is sufficient to go through this collection of Ahadith.




100. Tawakkal – Trust in Allah

Translation: From Abdullah b Maswood (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “One who is poor and goes to people for help, he deserves to be rejected. But if he puts his needs before Allah [for its fulfillment], either Allah will give him provision in this world or will grace him with His bounties after death”.
[Musnad Ahmad]

Explanatory Note: This Hadith educates us about Tawakkal [trust]. It teaches us to put our every need before Allah. He has every thing for us. Why then to repose trust in humans like us who have nothing to offer?


101. Patience

Translation: From Abu Hurairah (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.), addressing the women of Ansa’r said, “If three children of anyone of you pass away and she bears it, expecting reward in Akhirah, she will get into paradise”. Hearing this, one of the women asked, “O Prophet of Allah! If two pass away and she bears it [will she go to paradise?]”
Rasulullah (s.a.) confirmed that she would also go to Jannah.

Another Hadith tells that a woman came to Rasulullah (s.a.) with a baby in her laps and said, “O Prophet of Allah! Pray for my child. I have already buried my three children”.
Rasulullah asked, “Are your three children dead?” She said, " Yes”.
Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Then, you have attained a great protection against fire [It means your three children will protect you from the Hellfire]”.
[AL-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb: Muslim]


102. Perseverance

Translation: Abdullah b Abu Awfa (r.a.) narrates that Rasulullah (s.a.) kept waiting in certain Ghazwah [from attack] till the sun was about to set, he (s.a.) got up and addressed, “O people! Don’t desire to fight the enemy. Pray to Allah to keep you under His protection. But when you encountered the enemy, have patience with conviction that Paradise lies under the shadow of the sword”. After that he (s.a.) prayed to Allah, “O Allah, the revealer of the Book, the mover of the clouds, the destroyer of the enemies, annihilate them and give us victory over our enemies”. [Enemy attacked after that and the Muslims were the successful]
[Form Bukhari & Muslim]


103. Protection of secrets

Translation: From Jabir b Abdullah (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “If someone talks with you while looking around [cautiously], take his talk as a trust with you”.
[From Abu Dawood]

Explanatory Note: Even if he has not requested you to keep his talk as secret, it should be kept like that. It would not be correct to share it with others without his permission. It would be a breach of trust. His very looking around, while talking, means that he wants the contents to be kept in secret.


104. Decent behavior

Translation: From Huzaifah (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Don’t be imitators and think that if others do good to us, we will do good to them. If people are oppressive to us, we will be oppressive to them. You are to prepare yourself to the extent that if people do well, you will do well but if they are no good; you will not be oppressive upon them [rather, be nice with them].
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Tirmizi]


105. Etiquette of Assemblies

Translation: From Abdullah b Umar (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “No one should remove a sitting person from his place to sit there but the people already sitting in the assembly should make room for the incoming brother”.
[From Musnad Ahmad]


106. [Subject Same]

Translation: From Abdullah b Umar (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “When three persons are together, two of them should not converse among themselves, leaving the third one aside”.
We asked, ” What, if they are four”. He said, “Then, no harm”. In the narration of Abdullah b Maswood (r.a.), “It is so because it [the first situation] will cause grief to him [the third one]”.
[From: Musnad Ahmad]


107. Subject Same

Translation: Umru b Shuaib (r.a.) narrates from his father that Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “It would not be correct for a person that he should sit in between two persons without their permission”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Abu Dawood & Tirmizi]


108. Dress

Translation: Abu Yafoor (r.a.) narrates that a person asked from Abdullah b Umar (r.a.). “What type of dress should I wear?” Ibne Umar (r.a.) said, “You put on such a dress that the dunce should not take you as foolish and the wise people do not object”. He asked, “Of what price?’ Ibne Umar (r.a.) replied, “Should be in between five and twenty Durham [Dollars in the present day currency]”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Tabrani]

Explanatory Note: We should keep in mind that at that time, five Durham were sufficient but in today’s currency, it is quite meager. People could get the complete dress in five Durham. [For the sake of understanding, it would be better to measure the cost of a dress in terms of dollar – Translator]


109. Greed and Miserliness

Translation: From Abu Hurairah (r.a.). Rasulullah (s.a.) said, “Avariciousness and Iman cannot go together in the heart of a person”.
[From: Nisa’i]


110. Prohibition from Resemblance

Translation: Abdullah b Abbas (r.a.) narrates that Rasulullah (s.a.) has cursed those men who resemble like women and those women who resemble like men”.
[Al-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb: Abu Dawood, Tirmizi, Nisa’i, and Ibne Ma’ja]


111. Subject Same

Translation: Abu Hurairah (r.a.) narrates that Rasulullah (s.a.) has cursed the man who dresses like woman and the woman who dresses like man”.
[Al-Targheeb wa Al-Tarheeb: Abu Dawood, Nisa’i, Tirmizi and Ibne Ma’ja]